One of the major achievements has been to ensure the continuity of independent justice in Hong Kong, including agreements in the areas of commercial shipping, civil aviation, nuclear materials, whaling, underwater telegraph, space and many others. It also approved a network of bilateral agreements between Hong Kong and other countries. Within the framework of these agreements, the continued application of some 200 international conventions to the HKSAR after 30 June 1997 was concluded. Hong Kong is expected to continue to participate in various international organizations after the handover. It was precisely at the moment when the atmosphere of the talks became cordial that members of Hong Kong`s Legislative Council felt impatient for the long-standing secrecy on the progress of the Sino-British talks on the Hong Kong issue. A request filed by lawmaker Roger Lobo said: “This Council considers it essential that all proposals for the future of Hong Kong be discussed in this Council before an agreement is reached,” it was adopted unanimously. [26] The document enshrines the rights and freedoms, including freedom of speech, assembly and independence of the judiciary, inherent in the “One Country, Two Systems” formula that underpins the Agreement between Beijing and London. Pressure for political reform intensified after the 1991 Legco elections, when 18 of the 20 seats elected by direct universal suffrage were won by the United Democrats and other liberal candidates. The new (and last) governor of Hong Kong, Chris Patten, has therefore tried to increase the participation of the population in the political process, remaining within the framework of the joint declaration and the Basic Law. In October 1992, Patten proposed that in addition to the 20 seats elected by direct universal suffrage, the functional constituencies would be elected by the entire Hong Kong staff of 2.7 million and that there would be direct elections to local authorities in the Territory. Although, or precisely because the proposals were well received in Hong Kong`s liberal political circles, the Chinese reacted extremely negatively by accusing the governor of violating the agreement that all new agreements were to “converge” with the Basic Law and of trying to increase British influence and undermine Chinese control after 1997.

In a demonstrative move to highlight its ability to determine events in Hong Kong before 1997, Beijing blocked agreements on a gigantic new airport project by refusing to honor certain contracts, effectively delaying its completion until handover. . . .

Hong Kong Transition Agreement

  • September 22nd, 2021
  • Posted in Uncategorized

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